B. Инозит-1,4,5-трифосфат и диацилглицерин

Гидролиз фосфатидилинозит-4,5-дифосфата [ФИФ2 (PlnsP2)] фосфолипазой С [4] приводит к образованию двух вторичных мессенджеров: инозит-1,4,5-трифосфата и диацил-глицерина. Гидрофильный ИФ3 поступает в эндоплазматический ретикулум [ЭР (ER)] и индуцирует высвобождение ионов Са2+ из запасающих везикул. Липофильный ДАГ остаётся в мембране и активирует протеинкиназу C, которая в присутствии Са2+ фосфорилирует различные белковые субстраты, модулируя их функциональную активность.


Гормоны. Гидрофильные гормоны / Вторичные мессенджеры

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